This test will check whether your website(and ultimately the server you are hosted on) has gzip enabled by connecting to your domain and requesting the necessary information. Next to that it will also give you some additional information like the size of the original version of the web page you tested and how much you (may) benefit from using gzip compression.
Gzip compression makes it possible to compress your web files (mainly HTML, CSS, and JS files), sometimes up to 70%-80%. This much smaller compressed version of the file is then sent to the browser of the visitor instead of the larger original file. The browser of your visitor will then automatically decompress the compressed file and serve the uncompressed original file to your visitor.
The Gzipped file is much smaller in size (in bytes) as your original web file. The browser of your visitor will need less time to load your website because it only needs to download much smaller files.
Go here for a detailed guide how to enable gzip and for more information about gzip in general.
Brotli is a new open source data compression method. In the majority of cases Brotli can compress files to a smaller size than gzip can, it is therefore a better compression method than gzip.
Test and analyze the loading times of your website.
Minimize CSS scripts and files for page speed.
Check how and whether your website files are cached.
Check whether your web pages have Gzip compression enabled.
Minify your JS files and scripts to maximize performance.
Tests your image delivery so you can improve it.
Reduce your PNG image filesize while keeping quality.
Play with the quality and size of JPEGs to save disk space.
Place multiple images in one image to make fewer requests.
Analyze your CSS to make improvements to the CSS Delivery.
Test your web pages for broken links and requests.
How many HTTP requests do your web pages produce?
Encode JPEG and other files into a Base64 string.
Check whether your website has keep-alive settings as enabled.
Check the HTTP server header of your site.